Gait Outcomes Assessment List (GOAL™)

The Gait Outcomes Assessment List (GOAL™) is a patient reported outcome measure for ambulatory children with cerebral palsy (CP). These children are subjected to many different kinds of interventions including physiotherapy, orthotics, spasticity management and orthopaedic surgery, to preserve or improve gait related function. Although there are a number of measures currently used to evaluate gait outcomes in children with CP, none of these comprehensively address the full spectrum of priorities and goals of these children or their parents. The items of the GOAL were derived through an iterative process involving interviews of children with cerebral palsy and their parents; and finalized following a survey of health care professionals from multiple disciplines, who interact with children with CP. The GOAL comprises of 48 items distributed across 7 subscales, and spans all domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Learn more about the GOAL Project.


The GOAL questionnaire is available in the following languages. Please register for a license prior to use. 

GOAL Caregiver Versions

GOAL Child Versions

Primary Contributors

  • Unni Narayanan (English)
  • Kirsten Nordbye-Nielsen (Danish)
  • Steffen Berweck (German)
  • Moon Seok Park (박문석) (Korean)
  • Seattle Group (Spanish)
  • Umut Apaydin (Turkish)

Translations in Progress

  • Yoshitaka Horimoto (Japanese)

Contact us if you are interested in culturally adapting and translating the GOAL™ questionnaire in your language.

Translation Guidelines

Please find a PDF of the translation guidelines here. Further readings regarding culturally adapting questionnaires:


An online version of the GOAL™ through the REDCap database system is also available. If you are interested in using the online version, please register for a license and indicate your preference for the online version in the User Profile Form.


The GOAL™ Manual and Interpretation Guide is being developed. The manual will provide information about the development and validation of the GOAL™ and will describe the use and scoring of the questionnaire.


This work has been supported by research funding from:

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