Patient Reported Outcomes Of Fracture Healing (PROOF™)

Upper extremity fractures are one of the most common injuries in children. Currently we are unable to determine the child’s (or parent’s) perspectives on the child’s well-being, functioning, symptoms, and experiences with treatment because there are no validated patient-reported outcome measures for this purpose. Because of this, we decided to develop the PROOF-UE. The purpose of the PROOF-UE questionnaire is to obtain the perspectives of both children and their parents in 4 domains: how the limb looks, how the limb feels, how the limb is working, and how it is healing. Learn more about the PROOF Project.


The PROOF-UE questionnaire is available in the following versions. Please register for a license prior to use. 

PROOF-UE™ Versions

Primary Contributors

  • Unni Narayanan and Roni Propp (English)

Contact us if you are interested in culturally adapting and translating the PROOF-UE™ in your language.

Translation Guidelines

Please find a PDF of the translation guidelines here. Further readings regarding culturally adapting questionnaires:


An online version of the PROOF-UE™ through the REDCap database system is also available. If you are interested in using the online version, please register for a license and indicate your preference for the online version in the User Profile Form.


The PROOF-UE™ Manual and Interpretation Guide is being developed. The manual will provide information about the development and validation of the PROOF-UE™ and will describe the use and scoring of the questionnaire.