Best Practice Guidelines

Retinoblastoma Best Practice Guidelines 2014, Kenya National Retinoblastoma Strategy, Ministry of Health Kenya, 2014.

Peer-Reviewed Publications


Gelkopf M, Change TE, Zhang Y, Zhang C, Yi K, Fang V, Mendlowitz S, Zhao J, Dimaras H. Parental coping with retinoblastoma diagnosis. J Psychosoc Oncol. 2019 Jan 11:1-16. doi: 10.1080/07347332.2018.1509165. [Epub ahead of print] Pubmed PMID:30633662


Sedarous F, Dimaras H, Isaac M, Lichter M, Tehrani NN. Identifying the ophthalmic needs of families living in Toronto shelters. Can J Ophthalmol. 2018 Oct;53(5):447-452. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2017.12.010. Epub 2018 Feb 7. Pubmed PMID:30340708

Zhong A, Darren B, Loiseau B, He LQB, Chang T, Hill J, Dimaras H. Ethical, social, and cultural issues related to clinical genetic testing and counseling in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Genet Med. 2018 Aug 3. doi: 10.1038/s41436-018-0090-9. [Epub ahead of print] Review. PubMed PMID: 30072741.

Yiu K, Dimaras H, Valdman O, Franklin B, Prochaska J, Loh L. Characterizing a community health partnership in Dominican Republic: Network mapping and analysis of stakeholder perceptions. Can Med Educ J. 2018 May 31;9(2):e60-e71. eCollection 2018 May. PubMed PMID: 30018685; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6044308.

Soliman SE, Dimaras H, Gallie B, Shaikh F. Re: Metastatic deaths in retinoblastoma patients treated with intraarterial chemotherapy (ophthalmic artery chemosurgery) worldwide. Int J Retina Vitreous. 2018 May 29;4:19. doi:10.1186/s40942-018-0124-0. eCollection 2018. PubMed PMID: 29862048; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5975563.

Hill JA, Gedleh A, Lee S, Hougham KA, Dimaras H. Knowledge, experiences and attitudes concerning genetics among retinoblastoma survivors and parents.  Eur J Hum Genet. 2018 Apr;26(4):505-517. doi: 10.1038/s41431-017-0027-9. Epub 2018 Jan 29. PubMed PMID:2937915.

Soliman SE, D’Silva CN, Dimaras H, Dzneldadze I, Chan H, Gallie BL. Clinical and genetic associations for carboplatin-related ototoxicity in children treated for retinoblastoma: A retrospective noncooperative single-institute experience.  Pediatr Blood Cancer. 2018 May;65(5):e26931. doi: 10.1002/pbc.26931. Epub 2018 Jan 19. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29350448.

Dimaras H, Corson TW. Retinoblastoma, the visible CNS tumor: A review.  J Neurosci Res. 2018 Jan 3. doi: 10.1002/jnr.24213. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29314142.


Lee S, Gedleh A, Hill JA, Umukunda Y, Qaiser S, Odiyo P, Kitonyi G, Dimaras H. In Their Own Words: A Qualitative Study of Kenyan Breast Cancer Survivors’ Knowledge, Experiences and Attitudes Regarding Breast Cancer Genetics. J Global Oncology. 2018;(4):1-9. doi:10.1200/JGO.17.00061. Epub 2017 Dec 4

Gedleh A, Lee S, Hill JA, Umukunda Y, Qaiser S, Kabiru J, Kimani K, Njambi L, Kitonyi G, Dimaras H. “Where Does It Come From?” Experiences Among Survivors and Parents of Children with Retinoblastoma in Kenya. J Genet Couns. 2018 Jun;27(3):574-588. doi: 10.1007/s10897-017-0174-8. Epub 2017 Nov 23. PMID: 29170903.

Zhong A, Darren B, Dimaras H. Ethical, social, and cultural issues related to clinical genetic testing and counseling in low- and middle-income countries: protocol for a systematic review. Syst Rev. 2017 Jul; 6(1): 140. doi:10.1186/s13643-017-0535-2. PubMed PMID: 28697779; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5505010.

Soliman SE, ElManhaly M, Dimaras H. Knowledge of genetics in familial retinoblastoma. Ophthalmic Genet. 2017 May-June; 38(3):226-232. doi:10.1080/13816810.2016.119584. Epub 2016 Jul 18. PubMed PMID: 27427836.

Munywoki J, Dimaras H. Enhancing Cancer Control in Kenya through Knowledge Translation: A Perspective Review. The Journal of Global Health. 1 April 2017.

Qaiser S, Limo A, Gichana J, Kimani K, Githanga J, Waweru W, Dimba EAO, Dimaras H. Design and Implementation of the Retinoblastoma Collaborative Laboratory. Journal of Ocular Oncology and Pathology. 2017 Jan; 73-82. doi: 10.1159/000451000. Pubmed PMID: 28275608.


Qaiser S, Dimaras H, Hamel P. The Voluntariat: A Frieirean framework to understand the nature of undergraduate international (medical) experiences. Canadian Medical Education Journal. 2016 Dec 5;7(3):e31-e36. eCollection 2016 Dec. PubMed PMID: 28344706.

Soliman SE, Dimaras H, Khetan V, Gardiner JA, Chan HS, Héon E, Gallie BL. Prenatal versus Postnatal Screening for Familial Retinoblastoma. Ophthalmology. 2016 Oct 1. pii: S0161-6420(16)31032-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2016.08.027. PubMed PMID: 27712844.

Loiseau B, Benedict D, Sibbald R, Raman SA, Loh LC, Dimaras H. How can a Theory of Change framework be applied to short-term international volunteering? Int Health. 2016 Sep;8(5):310-2. doi: 10.1093/inthealth/ihw036. Review. PubMed PMID: 27620921.

Loiseau B, Sibbald R, Raman SA, Darren B, Loh LC, Dimaras H. Perceptions of the Role of Short-Term Volunteerism in International Development: Views from Volunteers, Local Hosts, and Community Members. J Trop Med. 2016;2016:2569732. doi: 10.1155/2016/2569732. Epub 2016 Jun 12. PubMed PMID: 27382372.

Hill JA, Kimani K, White A, Barasa F, Livingstone M, Gallie BL, Dimaras H; Daisy’s Eye Cancer Fund & The Kenyan National Retinoblastoma Strategy Group. Achieving optimal cancer outcomes in East Africa through multidisciplinary partnership: a case study of the Kenyan National Retinoblastoma Strategy group. Global Health. 2016 May 26;12(1):23. doi: 10.1186/s12992-016-0160-1. PubMed PMID: 27229322; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4882853.

Sibbald R, Loiseau B, Darren B, Raman SA, Dimaras H, Loh LC. Maintaining Research Integrity While Balancing Cultural Sensitivity: A Case Study and Lessons From the Field. Dev World Bioeth. 2016 Apr;16(1):55-60. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12089. Epub 2015 Sep 11. PubMed PMID: 26360922.

Yousef YA, Soliman SE, Astudillo PP, Durairaj P, Dimaras H, Chan HS, Héon E, Gallie BL, Shaikh F. Intra-arterial Chemotherapy for Retinoblastoma: A Systematic Review. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2016 Mar 17. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2016.0244. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 26986443.


Chiu HH, Dimaras H, Downie R, Gallie B. Breaking down barriers to communicating complex retinoblastoma information: can graphics be the solution? Can J Ophthalmol. 2015 Jun;50(3):230-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2015.02.003. PubMed PMID: 26040224.

Hill JA, Lee SY, Njambi L, Corson TW, Dimaras H. Cancer genetics education in a low- to middle-income country: evaluation of an interactive workshop for clinicians in Kenya. PLoS One. 2015 Jun 2;10(6):e0129852. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129852. eCollection 2015. PubMed PMID: 26035834; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4452713.

Soliman SE, Dimaras H, Souka AA, Ashry MH, Gallie BL. Socioeconomic and psychological impact of treatment for unilateral intraocular retinoblastoma. J Fr Ophtalmol. 2015 Jun;38(6):550-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jfo.2015.03.003. Epub 2015 May 14. PubMed PMID: 25982424.

Dimaras H. Retinoblastoma genetics in India: From research to implementation. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2015 Mar;63(3):219-26. doi: 10.4103/0301-4738.156917. PubMed PMID: 25971166; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4448234.

Dimaras H, Corson TW, Cobrinik D, White A, Zhao J, Munier FL, Abramson DH, Shields CL, Chantada GL, Njuguna F, Gallie BL. Retinoblastoma. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2015 Aug 27;1:15021. doi: 10.1038/nrdp.2015.21. PubMed PMID: 27189421.


Nyamori JM, Kimani K, Njuguna MW, Dimaras H. Retinoblastoma referral pattern in Kenya. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2014 Oct-Dec;21(4):321-7. doi: 10.4103/0974-9233.142270. PubMed PMID: 25371638; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4219224.

Dimaras H. Evidence-based care for trilateral retinoblastoma. Lancet Oncol. 2014 Sep;15(10):1054-5. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(14)70376-6. Epub 2014 Aug 7. PubMed PMID: 25126965.

Olteanu C, Dimaras H. Enucleation Refusal for Retinoblastoma: A Global Study. Ophthalmic Genet. 2016 Jun;37(2):137-43. doi: 10.3109/13816810.2014.937543. Epub 2014 Jul 31. PubMed PMID: 25078476.

He LQ, Njambi L, Nyamori JM, Nyenze EM, Kimani K, Matende I, Rono H, Njom V, Bett J, Mukuria M, Gachago M, Roberts H, Dimaras H. Developing clinical cancer genetics services in resource-limited countries: the case of retinoblastoma in Kenya. Public Health Genomics. 2014;17(4):221-7. doi: 10.1159/000363645. Epub 2014 Jul 19. PubMed PMID: 25059247.

Logie C, Dimaras H, Fortin A, Ramón-García S. Challenges faced by multidisplinary new investigators on addressing grand challenges in global health. Global Health. 2014 Apr 15;10:27. doi: 10.1186/1744-8603-10-27. PubMed PMID: 24735677; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4036609.

Thériault BL, Dimaras H, Gallie BL, Corson TW. The genomic landscape of retinoblastoma: a review. Clin Experiment Ophthalmol. 2014 Jan-Feb;42(1):33-52. doi: 10.1111/ceo.12132. Epub 2013 May 22. Review. PubMed PMID: 24433356; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3896868.


Yousef YA, Halliday W, Chan HS, Héon E, Gallie BL, Dimaras H. No ocular motility complications after subtenon topotecan with fibrin sealant for retinoblastoma. Can J Ophthalmol. 2013 Dec;48(6):524-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcjo.2013.05.018. PubMed PMID: 24314416.

Ouma BD, Dimaras H. Views from the Global South: exploring how student volunteers from the Global North can achieve sustainable impact in global health. Global Health. 2013 Jul 26;9(1):32. doi: 10.1186/1744-8603-9-32. PubMed PMID: 23889908; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3733592.

Dimaras H, Dimba EA, Waweru W, Githanga J, Kimani K. Digital cancer pathology in Africa. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Jul;14(8):e289-90. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70246-8. PubMed PMID: 23816292.

Rushlow DE, Mol BM, Kennett JY, Yee S, Pajovic S, Thériault BL, Prigoda-Lee NL, Spencer C, Dimaras H, Corson TW, Pang R, Massey C, Godbout R, Jiang Z, Zacksenhaus E, Paton K, Moll AC, Houdayer C, Raizis A, Halliday W, Lam WL, Boutros PC, Lohmann D, Dorsman JC, Gallie BL. Characterisation of retinoblastomas without RB1 mutations: genomic, gene expression, and clinical studies. Lancet Oncol. 2013 Apr;14(4):327-34. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(13)70045-7. Epub 2013 Mar 13. PubMed PMID: 23498719.

Dimaras H, Parulekar MV, Kwok G, Simpson ER, Ali A, Halliday W, Shago M, Harbour JW, Héon E, Gallie BL, Chan HS. Molecular testing prognostic of low risk in epithelioid uveal melanoma in a child. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013 Mar;97(3):323-6. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2012-302561. Epub 2013 Jan 3. PubMed PMID: 23292925.

Rootman DB, Gonzalez E, Mallipatna A, Vandenhoven C, Hampton L, Dimaras H, Chan HS, Gallie BL, Heon E. Hand-held high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography in retinoblastoma: clinical and morphologic considerations. Br J Ophthalmol. 2013 Jan;97(1):59-65. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2012-302133. Epub 2012 Oct 26. PubMed PMID: 23104902.


Dimaras H, Kimani K, Dimba EA, Gronsdahl P, White A, Chan HS, Gallie BL. Retinoblastoma. Lancet. 2012 Apr 14;379(9824):1436-46. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(11)61137-9. Epub 2012 Mar 12. Review. PubMed PMID: 22414599.

Corson TW, Pajovic S, Dimaras H, Thériault BL, Gallie BL. Author response: Does the time of inactivation of pRb determine the cell of origin of retinoblastoma? Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012 Feb 13;53(2):676. doi: 10.1167/iovs.11-9371. PubMed PMID: 22331504.

Nyamori JM, Kimani K, Njuguna MW, Dimaras H. The incidence and distribution of retinoblastoma in Kenya. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jan;96(1):141-3. doi: 10.1136/bjophthalmol-2011-300739. Epub 2011 Oct 25. PubMed PMID: 22028473.